There are many problems within Morocco, and human trafficking is, sadly, one of them. Morocco serves as a transit country for sex trafficking, and there are millions of men and women of all ages who are trafficked (U.S. Department of State).
The country’s government has made strides to work toward ending human trafficking, but these actions have not made serious advancements (U.S. Department of State).
Many children as young as six and seven are trafficked for a multitude of purposes, and these can include selling drugs, working as child slaves, or being forced to be sex workers (PR Newswire).
In Born Free, by Sarah Mendelson, she cites that millions of dollars are pumped into the sex trafficking industry, and there are nearly 30 million people who are trafficked worldwide (Mendelson). Unfortunately, the amount of attention that human trafficking has received is not as much as it should be (Mendelson). Many NGOs don’t focus on human trafficking, and this has caused it to take longer to address the problem of human trafficking across the globe (Mendelson). Mendelson cites several actions that the UN and other organizations are taking to address the issue. However, there are still millions of people being trafficked, and there is much work to be done to help to end this issue.
When looking at Morocco, many children who are trafficked are sent to a variety of countries across the Middle East. Young girls in rural areas of Morocco are more likely to be trafficked, and they are forced into a variety of industries. The majority are forced into sex trafficking, but some are forced into begging on the streets, working as house laborers, or working in the tourism industry (U.S. Department of State).
The Moroccan government does not release or track any data on the trafficking industry in the country, and because of this, it makes it difficult to know how many men and women are trafficked (Trafficking in Persons Report 2013). The government has not made an overall anti-trafficking law, and there have not been a large amount of prosecutions against traffickers. However, Morocco does have laws against child labor and prostitution. But, the government does not always enforce these laws, nor does the government keep track of how many people are prosecuted or imprisoned as a result of breaking these laws (Trafficking in Persons Report 2013).
To add to this, the Moroccan government does not offer protection for those who are escaping from human trafficking, and although there are over 70 shelters provided for survivors of human trafficking, these shelters are not adequately equipped to take care of the survivors who come to them. Because of this, the shelters are not effective as they could be (Trafficking in Persons Report 2013).
There are NGOs in Morocco that provide aid to survivors of human trafficking. The most well-known of these organizations is the International Human Rights Law Group. This organization is headquartered in Washington, D.C., but they have offices in a variety of countries. In Morocco, they’re based in Rabat, which is the capital of the Morocco (International Human Rights Law Group).
There are a variety of NGOs in Morocco that focus on human trafficking, and these organizations are located throughout the country. Some examples of NGOs in Morocco are Terre de Enfants, Initiatives pour la protection des droits de la femme, and Union de l’action feminine.
Many of these organizations keep track of how many people are trafficked, how many prosecutions take place, and other information relevant to human trafficking, but they do not release the data (U.S. Department of State).
Also, the majority of NGOs in Morocco have partnered together on many initiatives in the country, and there are a variety of NGOs working together to provide more adequate shelter, support and care for survivors of human trafficking (PR Newswire). There has not been a large amount of reporting about the initiatives these organizations are working toward, but there have been reports that due to the work of these NGOs, there has been a decrease in the number of people being trafficked in Morocco (U.S. Department of State).
This does not mean that the issue is completely solved, and there is a long way to go before the issue can be solved. There are still millions of men and women who are trafficked in Morocco. Girls as young as six or seven are forced into abusive and terrible positions, and it’s horrible how people can do this to other people. Many people in Morocco are tricked into entering forced labor, and sometimes parents are tricked into selling their children into child labor or prostitution (U.S. Department of State).
This is a large problem in Morocco, and the country is a Tier 2 country on the U.S. Department of State’s scale. This means that while Morocco has initiatives in place to decrease the number of people trafficked, the country isn’t doing everything that it could to stop human trafficking. (U.S. Department of State). The government must take more action in order to stop this problem. Not only are people from Morocco being trafficked, but the country is also used to transport those who are trafficked to other locations (U.S. Department of State). More action must be taken in order to save as many people as possible from human trafficking.